TENMEGA – Sistemas de Cablagem, Cabos Especiais e Equipamentos

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There are two possibilities on how Homer knew about the eclipse which happened five centuries ago. Currently there is no evidence that Greeks were interested in such precise observation of astronomical events. Since the eclipse did not pass through other major civilizations of the time, the data could not have come from elsewhere. The authors believe both theories to be outlandish. Irrespective of the astronomical data, there is general consensus on the date of the Battle of Troy since the date predicted by the classical writers have been validated by archaeology. Plato gave a date of B. E, Eratosthenes , B. E and Herodotus , B.

Homer’s “Odyssey” May Chronicle Ancient Eclipse

This can be achieved by simply calculating the number of constellations in between and multiplying it by. All these alignments work for the same precessed epoch of c. But I personally believe that there is still a lot to be uncovered before we could conclude to a final date. In his times the th century BC the Greeks did not have a writing system but they would have had the same requirement for knowledge of astronomy and calendarmaking as that known to have existed in contemporary and literate Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Similarly do we have a specific year according to Vedic age for the present Or atleast do we have a specific Kaliyuga year which is running How to we find thatWhile the date for the Trojan war was validated with extensive archaeology Mahbhrata archaeology has been minimal.

Marcelo O. Magnasco of Rockefeller University in New York and Constantino Baikouzis of the Astronomical Observatory in La Plata, Argentina.

It tells the story of Odysseus, a Greek general, who embarks on a year journey back home after battling in the fall of Troy. The tale is filled with imagery that is referenced often in contemporary films and books. After the battle, he must find his way back to Ithaca in Greece, and the journey home is a harrowing one in which he is captured by the nymph Calypso, drifts on a raft at sea, battles a cyclops, resists the temptation of the Sirens and in general has hard luck.

While he is away, his wife Penelope is living at his house with suitors who are trying to convince her that she should accept her husband as dead and marry one of them. Near the end of the story, a seer named Theoclymenus foretells the death of all the suitors, saying:. Poor men, what terror is this that overwhelms you so? Night shrouds your heads, your faces, down to your knees — cries of mourning are bursting into fire — cheeks rivering tears — the walls and the handsome crossbeams dripping dank with blood!

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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: In the late s, Schoch and Neugebauer computed that the solar eclipse of 16 April B.

The Odyssey: Physics at the TeV Scale. Manuella G. Vincter Carleton University. Date: Wednesday, March 19, Time: PM Location: Stirling A.

Four years in the making, “” drew from the most optimistic predictions of futurists to map out a then-believable scenario of 21st-century space travel. Science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke wrote various versions of the story under Kubrick’s guidance, and the film was pieced together from their collaborative effort. The film begins 4 million years in the past. A troop of prehuman man-apes is barely surviving on the African plain as a drought threatens their existence.

One day, an unexplained black monolith appears. The influence of the monolith causes one of the apes to begin using bones as weapons. The apes kill animals for food, and later bludgeon the leader of an enemy tribe: the first murder. It is not known when the ancestors of humans first used tools and weapons. Around the time frame of the film, a species of pre-human called Australopithecus lived in Africa.

The oldest known stone tools date back to 2. In one of the most famous transitions in film history, a camera shot of a bone tumbling through the air cuts to a shot of an orbiting spacecraft, a gap of 4 million years between film frames.

Space Odyssey

To improve your visit to our site, take a minute and upgrade your browser. As of the writing of this post, the first lunar eclipse of is underway , visible on at least part of every continent except North America. Homo sapiens stuck in North America can view pictures and feeds of the eclipse on a number of websites, including Google’s homepage.

Two scientists have concluded that the homecoming of Odysseus in the sense that the astronomical phenomena pinpoint the date of 16 April.

According to the study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the wily hero who devised the Trojan Horse hefted his mighty bow on April 16, BC, and executed the unruly crowd who had taken over his home and was trying to force his wife into marriage. The finding leaves many perennial questions unanswered, such as whether the events portrayed actually occurred or whether the blind poet Homer was the author of the tale.

But it casts a new sheen of veracity on a story that has existed in a hazy realm of fantasy and history since it was first composed years after the Trojan War. Odysseus spent seven of those years as a captive of the nymph Calypso, then was delayed another three by Poseidon, who was angered by the blinding of his son Cyclops. When he finally arrived at Ithaca, he was angered to find men urging his wife Penelope to accept that her husband was dead and marry one of them.

Odysseus, in disguise, won the contest, then killed all of the suitors as well as a dozen maids who had slept with them. The Greek historian Plutarch interpreted this as signifying a total solar eclipse, and many others have agreed. But modern scholars tend to discount this interpretation, arguing that the passage is simply metaphorical. Previous researchers have determined that a total solar eclipse occurred in the region over the Ionian Sea on April 16, BC, which would be in agreement with recent data suggesting the fall of Troy around to BC.

To investigate, astronomer Marcelo O. Twenty-nine days before, the constellations Pleiades and Bootes were simultaneously visible at sunset. They also identified a potential fourth event 33 days before the slaughter. Homer wrote that Hermes, known to the Romans as Mercury, traveled far west to deliver a message and flew all the way back east again. Magnasco and Baikouzis interpreted this to mean that Mercury was high at dawn and near the western edge of its trajectory.

2001, A Space Odyssey

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In accordance with the proposed by us new astronomical dating of Odysseus’ return to Ithaca (25 October B.C.), this meteor shower occurred in the last.

According to the study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the wily hero who devised the Trojan Horse hefted his mighty bow on April 16th, BC, and executed the unruly crowd that had taken over his home and were trying to force his wife into marriage. The finding leaves many perennial questions unanswered, such as whether the events portrayed actually occurred or whether the blind poet Homer was the author of the tale.

But the results cast a new sheen of veracity on a story that has existed in a hazy realm of fantasy and history since it was composed years after the Trojan War. The Odyssey tells the story of the king’s year journey home after the capture of Troy. Odysseus known in Greek as Ulysses spent seven of those years as a captive of the nymph Calypso, then was delayed another three by Poseidon, who was angered by the blinding of his son Cyclops. When he finally arrived at Ithaca, he found men there, urging his wife, Penelope, to accept that her husband was dead and marry one of them.

Spurred by Athena, Penelope declared an archery contest with Odysseus’s bow, saying she would marry the winner. Odysseus, in disguise, won the contest, then killed all the suitors as well as a dozen maids that had slept with them. The key passage in dating the tale is highly ambiguous. As the suitors are sitting down for their noontime meal, the goddess Athena “confounds their minds”, so that they start laughing uncontrollably and see their food spattered with blood.

Astronomers cast light on date of events related in ‘Odyssey’

Skip to content. Skip to navigation. A short passage in the 20th book of the Odyssey has been interpreted as describing a total solar eclipse. It was suggested at the turn of the century that the only possible candidate to be an actual historical eclipse was the eclipse of 16 April BC. We present further internal evidence that indicates the narrative may actually refer to this specific historic eclipse.

Performing an exhaustive search of all possible dates in the span – B.C., A NEW ASTRONOMICAL DATING OF ODYSSEUS’ RETURN TO ITHACA​.

Among countless other debates about Homer’s Odyssey — not the least of which is whether the entire poem can be attributed to Homer himself — is whether Odysseus returns home to experience a total solar eclipse. But a Rockefeller University scientist and a colleague from Argentina believe they have found astronomical references in the Odyssey that provide corroborating evidence of this celestial event.

Total eclipses, when the moon briefly but completely blocks the sun, happen pretty rarely. In fact, they’re so rare that if what Homer describes is truly an eclipse, it could potentially help historians date the fall of Troy, which was purported to occur around the time of the events described in the Iliad and the Odyssey. But after arguing about the point for hundreds of years, historians, astronomers and classicists finally agreed that there was no corroborating evidence and tabled the discussion.

Now, Marcelo O. The researchers combed through the Odyssey to find specific astronomical references that could be precisely identified as occurring on specific days throughout Odysseus’s journey. Then, they aligned each of those dates with the date of Odysseus’s return, the same day he murders the suitors who had taken advantage of his long absence to court his wife. Magnasco and Baikouzis identified four celestial events. The day of the slaughter is, as Homer writes more than once, also a new moon something that’s also a prerequisite for a total eclipse.

Six days before the slaughter, Venus is visible and high in the sky. And 33 days before, Homer may be suggesting that Mercury is high at dawn and near the western end of its trajectory.

Solar eclipse to help date the fall of Troy

The Odyssey is one of the great works of ancient Western literature, written eight centuries before the birth of Christ and four centuries after the fall of Troy. Generations of classicists have pored over the many lines of Homer’s epic description of the long journey taken by the hero Odysseus to his home island of Ithaca.

Now two scholars have found evidence to support the idea that one line, in the poem’s 20th book, refers to a total solar eclipse that occurred on 16 April BC — the day when Odysseus returned home to kill his wife’s suitors.

The essential guide to astronomy. The Space Station as envisioned in , A Space Odyssey. The date is – no coincidence – millennial.

AFTER delving into a year-old mystery using astronomical clues in Homer’s The Odyssey , researchers say they have dated one of the most heralded events of Western literature: Odysseus’s slaughter of his wife’s suitors on his return from the Trojan War. The finding leaves questions unanswered, such as whether the events occurred or were made up by Homer. But it casts a new sheen of veracity on a story that has existed in a hazy realm of fantasy and history since it was composed years after the Trojan War.

The Odyssey tells of the king’s year journey home after the capture of Troy. When he arrived at Ithaca, he found men urging his wife, Penelope, to accept he was dead and marry one of them. He killed them all. The key passage in dating the tale is ambiguous. As the suitors are sitting down for lunch, the seer Theoclymenus prophesies their death and passage to Hades, ending with the phrase, “The sun has been obliterated from the sky, and an unlucky darkness invades the world.

The Greek historian Plutarch interpreted this as signifying a total solar eclipse. Each of these events recurs at a different interval, so the precise sequence identified in their reading should be unique. Using computer analysis, they found only one sequence, and it coincided with the eclipse of April 16, BC. Hit or myth: stars date the slaughter.

Is an eclipse described in the Odyssey?

Jump to navigation. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. All rights reserved. Preka-Papadema 2 , P.

Given an interpretation of certain passages in the Odyssey as describing astronomical phenomena, we will look for dates in which the.

Using clues from star and sun positions mentioned by the ancient Greek poet Homer, scholars think they have determined the date when King Odysseus returned from the Trojan War and slaughtered a group of suitors who had been pressing his wife to marry one of them. It was on April 16, B. Experts have long debated whether the books of Homer reflect the actual history of the Trojan War and its aftermath.

Marcelo O. Magnasco of Rockefeller University in New York and Constantino Baikouzis of the Astronomical Observatory in La Plata, Argentina, acknowledge they had to make some assumptions to determine the date Odysseus returned to his kingdom of Ithaca. But interpreting clues in Homer’s “Odyssey” as references to the positions of stars and a total eclipse of the sun allowed them to determine when a particular set of conditions would have occurred.

Homer reports that on the day of the slaughter the sun is blotted from the sky, possibly a reference to an eclipse. In addition, he mentions more than once that it is the time of a new moon, which is necessary for a total eclipse, the researchers say.

The Odyssey 1997


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